Accounting, Auditing and Reporting in Thailand

Accounting period

Newly established business entities can choose a date for the initial accounting period. After that, accounts must be closed every twelve months.

If an entity wants to change its accounting period, it must obtain written approval from the Commercial Registration Department and the Revenue Department.

Accounting, Auditing and Reporting in Thailand

Account Book

The Accounts Act 2000 regulates the rules regarding accounting of accounts and supporting documents.

The law also stipulates qualifications from bookkeepers, who must be Thai residents, proficient in Thai, and graduates from vocational high schools or universities with a minimum Bachelor of Accounting degree.

The Civil and Commercial Code also provides general rules about accounts that must be maintained.

Recording accounting entries can be done in English, but a Thai translation must be added. All accounting entries must be written in ink, typed or printed. The computerized accounting system should be registered with the Department of Commerce and the Department of Revenue.

Accounting principles

In general, the accounting principles promulgated in International Financial Reporting Standards are followed in Thailand. In addition, accounting methods and conventions approved by law are considered as generally accepted accounting practices. The Accounting Professional Federation is an authoritative body that promotes the application of generally accepted accounting principles.

Certain accounting principles, adopted by business entities, must be followed consistently and can be changed only with the approval of the Revenue Department. The accounting principles include depreciation, compulsory reserves, shares, dividends, consolidation, expenses paid from net income and accounting for pension plans.

Audit Requirements

All business entities including companies, partnerships, branch offices, representative offices and joint ventures are required to prepare an annual income statement and balance sheet, and audit it. The auditor’s report must state whether the account has been properly prepared in accordance with the Accounting Regulations and whether this provides a true and fair view.

Appointment of Auditors

Every business company is required to appoint an independent auditor who is registered as a Certified Public Accountant in Thailand. Certified Public Accountants registered and issued with a license by the Department of Commerce.

The auditor is appointed at the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders (GMS) to serve until the next GMS. The GMS is also required to regulate Auditor remuneration. Although the auditor must be independent, the Civil and Commercial Code allows the company to appoint a shareholder as an Auditor if he has the required qualifications.

Reporting Requirements

All business entities are required to submit a set of audited financial statements, together with the annual tax return and the director / manager’s report with the Revenue Department within 150 days after the end of their financial year.

Companies, partnerships and branches of foreign companies are required to submit two sets of audited financial statements and statutory annual returns with the Company Registration Department within five months of the end of their financial year. The company is also required to submit references to the GMS that approve the financial statements and a copy of the company’s shareholder list on the date of the GMS. Failure to …

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A Short Guide to Stocks and Shares

When an investor buys shares in a company or organization, they effectively buy part of that company or organization, or part of it if you want. Furthermore, the company’s performance will determine the value of shares, and overall investment. Because stock performance is related to earnings, companies that perform well will see an increase in the value of shares, with the opposite effect associated with companies that perform poorly.

Investors in a company are called shareholders, and they receive payments in the form of dividend payments that fluctuate in the company’s overall performance.

Investments in stocks are also known as ‘stocks’ and ‘equity’, and the stock market falls into two separate categories, the primary market and the secondary market.

A Short Guide to Stocks and Shares

Company Motives

There is only one reason for companies to sell shares and that is to increase capital to develop it. The company does this in two ways.

Main market

Issuing shares on the stock market for the first time, also known as ‘floating’. Companies that have floated and offered new shares to increase capital.

Secondary Market

Most investments in shares are in the secondary market, where company shares are traded every day. Price movements are relative to the company’s performance over time and demand for shares can also push stock prices up.

Stock price

Share prices are reflected by supply and demand. Stock prices rise when demand for certain stocks is high. In other words, when more investors want to buy shares in the company than sell them. The stock price will decrease when more people want to sell shares in the company than buyers. Lower stock prices make stocks more attractive to buyers.

There are other factors involved in determining stock prices with events in the wider world playing a role, as well as investor psychology. Factors that determine stock prices are broken down into geopolitical and economic (macro) factors, and factors related to (micro) companies.

Macro factors include political events, unexpected events such as terrorism or natural disasters, forecasts, interest movements, and legislative changes, while micro factors are centered on corporate profits, mergers and acquisitions, competitive activities, stock valuations, and management changes.

If you are considering investing in stocks and stocks, the golden rule is to spread risk and not put all your eggs in one basket.…

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I Can Pay the Entertainment Costs

I hate paying for cable television, but I love watching the shows that come on it. I used to pay with money from my paycheck, but now I pay using profit that I’ve made from trading bitcoin. I use the Bitcoin Evolution official app to make my daily trades and monitor the state of the market. The price of bitcoin will change and give me an opportunity to make some good trades. I can easily make enough money to pay for a year of cable in a couple of months, just by doing nothing but trading.

I even used some of my bitcoin profit to pay for a new cable box.…

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